Offshore wind is the most promising form of renewable energy available today and is the only proven source of renewable energy that is capable of meeting renewable energy targets set by the European Union to reduce carbon emissions. Offshore wind farms can offer a project scale not normally possible with other renewable technologies. Electricity produced from offshore wind energy creates no pollution and does not require the mining or extraction of a fuel supply. Wind power is a clean, inexhaustible, secure source of electricity production.
Results of a comprehensive environmental monitoring programme, carried out by the Dutch Government from 1999 to 2006 on two offshore wind farms constructed in the North Sea, prove that it is possible to build an offshore wind farm in an environmentally friendly manner that does not affect the surrounding environment in any significant way. Offshore wind also offers the attraction of being less visually intrusive than many other tecnologies.
Environmental Impact Statements are a key part of the planning process for all European Wind farms. Before building a rigorous assessment of the environment in which the farms are located is carried out. Consistently such studies show that birds, marine mammals and fish stocks were not affected in any significant way by the construction and operation of offshore wind farms.